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Guru Rinpoche
Padmasambhava (Lotus Born)

Tibetan: Pe-ma Jung-ne
English: Lotus Born
The main founder of Buddhism in Tibet. 
With a steady composure gazing on all beings, white in colour with a reddish hue, one face adorned with a moustache and goatee, the right hand holds to the heart an upright gold vajra. The left hand placed in the lap holds a white skullcup filled with nectar, jewels and a long-life vase. The ornate katvanga staff of a Vajrayana mendicant decorated with white streamers rests against the left shoulder. Adorned with gold earrings and a necklace, the head is covered with a lotus hat, a gift of the King of Zahor, of silk brocade topped with a half-vajra and a single vulture feather. Attired in various robes of different colours reflecting the disciplines of the Vinaya, Bodhisattva and Mantra Vehicles, he sits atop a sun and moon disc above a multi-coloured lotus blossom rising from the blue waters of Dhanakosha lake; encircled by a rainbow sphere. Seated to the left is the consort Mandarava holding the long-life symbols of an arrow with a mirror and streamers in the right hand and a vase in the left. At the right is the consort Yeshe Tsogyal holding up a skull offering bowl with the left hand. 
At the top center is the primordial buddha Samantabhadra, black in colour, naked, with the two hands placed in the lap and seated in vajra posture. To the left is Buddha Amitabha, red, holding a begging bowl in the lap with both hands; attended by two bodhisattvas. To the right is Padmapani (Lotus Holder) Avalokiteshvara, white with one face and two hands. The right hand performs the mudra of generosity while the left hand pressed against the seat holds the stem of a lotus blossom; attended by two bodhisattvas. 

At the bottom left is the pandita Shantirakshita, wearing the robes of a monk and a red pandita hat performing the mudra of explication. Seated with the legs pendant in a western style he is attended by two monks presenting offerings. (The monk holding the begging bowl is labelled with the name Dorje Dudjom inscribed with fine gold lettering). To the right is King Trisong Deutsen performing the Dharma Teaching mudra while holding the stems of two lotus blossoms supporting a wisdom sword and book. The queen sits to the lower right while two laymen in front present offerings. In between the ground is strewn with heaps of wishing jewels, precious objects and a gold Dharma Wheel.

"Miraculous buddha arising from a lotus, unborn, undying, possessing a vajra body, performing the activity of all buddhas of the three times; homage to Padmasambhava." (Nyingma liturgical verse).

Principal among the many teachers to bring Buddhism to Tibet in the 8th century, Guru Rinpoche has numerous forms representing outer, inner and secret aspects. Within the Kama (Oral) Tradition of the Nyingmapa School, Padmasambhava was born in Northern India as the son of a king or minister. In the Terma (Treasure) Tradition he was born on a lotus in Dhanakosha lake as an emanation of the Buddha Amitabha.

Amitabha ('od pa med or snang ba mtha' yas), The Dharmakaya Buddha in the Lotus family, of whom Guru Padmasambhava is said to be an emanation. Khandro Yeshe Tsogyal (mkha' 'gro ye shes mtsho rgyal), the Tibetan Queen who became Padmasambhava's chief disciple. Mandarava, the Indian princess from Zahor (the present Mandi) who was the second chief disciple of Padmasambhava. 
The Eight Manifestations of
Guru Rinpoche: 

1) The Vajra Born from the Lake (mtsho skyes rdo rje) 
2) The Lotus King (padma rgyal po) 
3) The Lion of the Sakya (shakya seng ge) 
4) The Wise Lover of Intelligence (blo ldan mchog sred) 
5) The Lotus Born (padma sambha) 
6) Sun Rays (nyima 'od zer) 
7) Lion's Roar (seng ge sgra sgrog) 
8) Dorje Drolö (rdo rje gro lod) 

Read The Eight Manifestations of Guru Rinpoche (Acrobat PDF)

Prophesy by Lord Sakyamuni Buddha
As recorded in the Sutra of Final Nirvana and in other prophecies, the Buddha announced that 12 years after his parinirvana he would reappear through an immaculate birth in the country of Oddiyana, bearing the name Padmasambhava, and spread extensively the teachings of the tantras. This rebirth was the Lotus Born Guru, who is said to have emanated from the heart of Buddha Amitabha and miraculously appeared in the form of an eight-year-old child upon a lotus, at Danakosha Lake in Oddiyana. At the invitation of King Trisong Deutsen (khri srong lde btsan, 742-797) Padmasambhava came to Tibet where he built the first monastery at Samye and inspired the translation of most of the Buddhist canonical texts by outstanding Indian pandits and Tibetan translators. Padmasambhava taught the Vajrayana and bestowed initiations and pith instructions to countless disciples, especially those renowned as the "twenty-five disciples." For the sake of future generations he, the Dakini Yeshe Tsogyal and his other chief disciples concealed countless teachings in the form of spiritual treasures, or Termas (gter ma). Finally, at the Gungthang pass, he soared into the sky, riding his horse, and departed Tibet for Chamara (rnga yab gling), the south-western land of the Rakshasas. There he is said to remain, in the "immortal rainbow-body of great transference ('ja' lus 'pho ba chen po)." It is said that in different circumstances, he manifested in various forms, chiefly eighth known as the The Eight Manifestations, or Names (gu ru mtshan brgyad).

Dedicated to the impeccable perpetuation of the glorious Kagyu lineage and to the
success of its leaders and followers in accomplishing their commitment to
bring all sentient beings to the state of enlightened awareness.

May all mother sentient beings, boundless as the space, have happiness and the causes of happiness.
May they be liberated from suffering and the causes of suffering.
May they never be separated from the happiness which is free from sorrow.
May they rest in equanimity, free from attachment and aversion.